Primavera

7:00 AM

Sandro Botticelli, Primavera, 1482

BY NAYOUNG KWON

Botticelli's Primavera celebrates the arrival of spring and it includes nine figures, all based on a mythological texta. It was commissioned by the Medici family for their wedding ceremony. Botticelli's use of color and composition orchestrates harmony and dreaminess. In the viewer's perspective the painting almost seems like a collage due to its detailed and flowing brush stokes. Botticelli sets the painting in a meadow and decorates its surroundings with various species of flowers and trees that symbolize fertility. The painting includes symbolism of love, which is represented by the orange trees and Cupid behind Venus. 

Introducing the nine mythological figures from left to right; Mercury who clears out the clouds so that spring may come; three Graces; Venus the goddess of love and beauty, Cupid the son of Venus, Flora, the goddess of flowers and blossoms; Chloris the nymph who is also known as Flora, and Zephyr, the god of wind. The painting and mythological figures represent sexual desires, marriage and childbearing.

The Renaissance was characterized by a rebirth of interest in the humanist culture a confirmation that human beings have the rights and responsibilities to shape their own lives as they please. "Our destiny is not determined by anything outside us. Rather, God has bestowed upon us a unique distinction." This quote by Giovanni Pico Mirandola also narrates the same message that the Gods have given the humans the chance to shape their own destiny. Even in Botticelli's Primavera, he displays the humanist culture.

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